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3 / 2008

WHAT IT MEANS TO BE
ITALIAN






What does it mean to be Italian? It means to be the inventors of pasta and pizza
- the most delicious food in the world – and of the Mediterranean diet. It means to be the present football world champions, as well as the descendants of the glorious Romans , who conquered the world . It means to be attractive men and women. But it also means to be united like a big family in moments of hardship and at the same time to be ready to welcome everybody with a big warm smile…all this and much more is Italy.

Our great cities

Rome
Rome is the capital of Italy.
It is situated on the river Tevere , about 25 Km from the west coast of the Italian peninsula . The most populated city in Italy , it is a
first rate junction of railways, roads and airlines .
The Vatican is inside the city as an independent state .
Among its numerous world renowned monumental sites, there are the Colosseum, Piazza di Spagna and Piazza del Popolo , Fontana di Trevi, the Arch of Constantine , which make it one of the most beautiful cities in the world .

Florence

The entire historical town is a magnificent place , home to an extraordinary number of works of art , most of which are UNESCO’ s heritage of mankind. The Cathedral
(Duomo) of Santa Maria del Fiore is visually stunning , a splendid result achieved by Brunelleschi ; Giotto’s Bell Tower next to it is equally striking, just like the octagonal Baptistry opposite,
famous for the three sets of bronze doors by Andrea Pisano and Lorenzo Ghiberti. The Basilika of San Lorenzo contains magnificent sculptures by Michelangelo and Donatello.





Venice

Venice is situated on a lagoon on the Adriatic Sea. Famous worldwide as the city of canals and bridges, lying on 120 small islands , it is also a city of art , historic events, like the Regatta on Canal Grande , the Carnival etc. , as well as cultural events, like the Biennale of Arts, the international Mostra del Cinema and the Campiello Literary Award.


Puglia



The Roman ‘Abulia’ was named after the ancient population called Apuli, who seem to have come over from across the Adriatic Sea . After the unification of Italy our region took the name of Puglie and it was only in 1921 tha it was called Puglia.

A long strip of land ( the heel of the stivale / boot , as Italy is often referred to ) on the south east coast of our peninsula, it is rich of age-old olive trees and vineyards , which make it the fifth wine producers in the world.
The region has different areas with wonderful landscapes , such as Gargano ,in the north, and Salento, the tip of the heel.


Traditions of Puglia

U’ joco d’a jalett

On the 20th of August a medieval-style joust is held in san Marco la Catola , near Foggia . The town districts , contrade, send rival teams to re-enact the ancient game outside the castle wall. The knights run to thrust the tip of their lance right into the hole in the bottom of a bucket . If they fail, water pours down on them and they are laughed at.




The history of Pizza Margherita
Also in August the marriage with mozzarella ‘ is celebrated . It recalls the story of the Neapolitan pizzaiolo Raffaele Esposito and his wife, who seem to have invented the famous pizza with tomatoes and mozzarella cheese in honour of Queen Margherita , the wife of King Umberto I . The Queen asked the pizza chef to prepare three sorts of pizza and he decided to make one with mustinicola, one with seafood and one with tomato, basil and mozzarella cheese , like the colours of the Italian flag. The queen was excited about it, so Raffaele Esposito named his tricolore pizza after her and this is how it became famous in the world .

Compiled by the Comenius Students.
Moretti Ignazio – Nacci Giada -5A-